Divorce should not be legalized in the Philippines. Jump to Page. Search inside document. Dico Introduction Abortion is the ending of pregnancy by removing a fetus or embryo before it can survive outside the uterus. Promit Biswas. Mohd Rashad Fatein A.
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Abortion in the Philippines-Reasons and Responsibilities. Aileen Grace Delima. A position paper on Continuing of the K Program in Philippines. Popular in Health. Cha Culvera. Emi Tri Siswanti. Marwa Basil. Pagla Howa.
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Amlan Mitra. Pauline Gonzaga Apuya. Suvranil Saha. Anonymous 2rNFWz. Devang Shah. Ari Halos. Andrea Haydee Pinto Herrera. Nirav Sanket. The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry Volume 25 issue 3 [doi Vicmary Teresa. Khawar Nehal. Critics of this argument generally argue that there are morally relevant disanalogies between abortion and the kidney failure scenario. For example, it is argued that the fetus is the woman's child as opposed to a mere stranger;  that abortion kills the fetus rather than merely letting it die;  and that in the case of pregnancy arising from voluntary intercourse, the woman has either tacitly consented to the fetus using her body,  or has a duty to allow it to use her body since she herself is responsible for its need to use her body.
Alternative scenarios have been put forth as more accurate and realistic representations of the moral issues present in abortion. John Noonan proposes the scenario of a family who was found to be liable for frostbite finger loss suffered by a dinner guest whom they refused to allow to stay overnight, although it was very cold outside and the guest showed signs of being sick.
It is argued that just as it would not be permissible to refuse temporary accommodation for the guest to protect him from physical harm, it would not be permissible to refuse temporary accommodation of a fetus. Other critics claim that there is a difference between artificial and extraordinary means of preservation, such as medical treatment, kidney dialysis, and blood transfusions, and normal and natural means of preservation, such as gestation, childbirth, and breastfeeding.
They argue that if a baby was born into an environment in which there was no replacement available for her mother's breast milk, and the baby would either breastfeed or starve, the mother would have to allow the baby to breastfeed. But the mother would never have to give the baby a blood transfusion, no matter what the circumstances were.
A Position Paper on the Illegalization of Abortion in the Philippines
The difference between breastfeeding in that scenario and blood transfusions is the difference between using your body as a kidney dialysis machine, and gestation and childbirth. Margaret Sanger wrote: "No woman can call herself free until she can choose consciously whether she will or will not be a mother. Some activists and academics, such as Andrea Smith , argue that the criminalization of abortion furthers the marginalization of oppressed groups such as poor women and women of color.
Even where abortions are illegal, some do take place. However, they are generally done unsafely, both because the need for secrecy tends to be more important than the woman's safety, and due to the lack of training and experience the doctor performing the abortion. When done correctly by properly trained doctors, abortion is generally safe. The book Abortion and the Conscience of the Nation presents the argument that abortion involves unjust discrimination against the unborn.
According to this argument, those who deny that fetuses have a right to life do not value all human life, but instead select arbitrary characteristics such as particular levels of physical or psychological development as giving some human beings more value or rights than others. In contrast, philosophers who define the right to life by reference to particular levels of physical or psychological development typically maintain that such characteristics are morally relevant,  and reject the assumption that all human life necessarily has value or that membership in the species Homo sapiens is in itself morally relevant.
How to Write a Thesis Statement for Abortion
The argument of deprivation states that abortion is morally wrong because it deprives the fetus of a valuable future. Criticism of this line of reasoning follows several threads. Some reject the argument on grounds relating to personal identity , holding that the fetus is not the same entity as the adult into which it will develop, and thus that the fetus does not have a "future like ours" in the required sense.
Some pro-life supporters argue that if there is uncertainty as to whether the fetus has a right to life, then having an abortion is equivalent to consciously taking the risk of killing another. According to this argument, if it is not known for certain whether something such as the fetus has a right to life, then it is reckless, and morally wrong, to treat that thing as if it lacks a right to life for example by killing it.
David Boonin replies that if this kind of argument were correct, then the killing of nonhuman animals and plants would also be morally wrong, because Boonin contends it is not known for certain that such beings lack a right to life. One argument used by anti-abortion activists is the slippery slope argument , that normalising and legalising abortion might lead to further killing through euthanasia. Each religion has many varying views on the moral implications of abortion.
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These views can often be in direct opposition to each other. Muslims typically cite the Quranic verse which states that a fetus shouldn't be aborted out of fear of poverty. The Catholic Church believes that human life begins at conception as does the right to life; thus, abortion is considered immoral. The Mexico City policy—also known as the "global gag rule"—required any non-governmental organization receiving U. This had a significant effect on the health policies of many nations across the globe.
Trump on 23 January A number of opinion polls around the world have explored public opinion regarding the issue of abortion. Results have varied from poll to poll, country to country, and region to region, while varying with regard to different aspects of the issue. A May survey examined attitudes toward abortion in 10 European countries, asking respondents whether they agreed with the statement, "If a woman doesn't want children, she should be allowed to have an abortion".
iwyviduk.tk A similar poll in April surveyed people in the United States about U. A theory attempts to draw a correlation between the United States' unprecedented nationwide decline of the overall crime rate during the s and the decriminalization of abortion 20 years prior. The suggestion was brought to widespread attention by a academic paper, The Impact of Legalized Abortion on Crime , authored by the economists Steven D.
Levitt and John Donohue. They attributed the drop in crime to a reduction in individuals said to have a higher statistical probability of committing crimes: unwanted children, especially those born to mothers who are African American, impoverished, adolescent , uneducated, and single. The change coincided with what would have been the adolescence, or peak years of potential criminality, of those who had not been born as a result of Roe v.
Wade and similar cases. Donohue and Levitt's study also noted that states which legalized abortion before the rest of the nation experienced the lowering crime rate pattern earlier, and those with higher abortion rates had more pronounced reductions. Fellow economists Christopher Foote and Christopher Goetz criticized the methodology in the Donohue-Levitt study, noting a lack of accommodation for statewide yearly variations such as cocaine use, and recalculating based on incidence of crime per capita; they found no statistically significant results.
Such research has been criticized by some as being utilitarian , discriminatory as to race and socioeconomic class, and as promoting eugenics as a solution to crime. The abortion—breast cancer hypothesis posits that induced abortion increases the risk of developing breast cancer. In early pregnancy, levels of estrogen increase, leading to breast growth in preparation for lactation. The hypothesis mechanism was first proposed and explored in rat studies conducted in the s. Many states require some form of parental consent before the abortion is set to happen.
In the United States, 37 states require the parent to have knowledge while only 21 of those states need one parent to consent. In those states, minors can get permission from the judge if parents are not willing to do so or if they are absent from their lives. These laws are known as parental involvement laws.
There are different guidelines to minors and abortions in every country. In most of Europe, all persons that are capable of judgment enjoy medical privacy and can decide medical matters on their own. Capability of judgment does not come at a defined age, however, and is dependent on how well the person is able to understand the decision and its consequences.
For most medical procedures, capability of judgment usually sets in at ages 12 to From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: Abortion in the United States. Main article: Abortion in Canada. Main article: Abortion law. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.
December Main article: Beginning of human personhood. Main article: Religion and abortion. Main article: Mexico City policy.